Cairns are the northern most major centre in Queensland. Tropical, colourful and growing rapidly. Cairns are one of those cities where its citizens are at the forefront of planning decisions. Increasingly heritage considerations are carefully considered.
The city was named after William Wellington Cairns (then Governor of Queensland). It was formed to serve miners heading for the Hodgkinson River goldfield, but experienced a decline when an easier route was discovered from Port Douglas. It later developed into a railhead and major port for exporting sugar cane.
During World War II, Cairns was used by the Allied Forces as a staging base for operations in the Pacific, with US Army Air Force and Royal Australian Air Force operational bases (now the airport), as well as a major military seaplane base in Trinity Inlet, and US Navy and Royal Australian Navy. Much of the Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942 was staged from Cairns.
Cairns is a great city and staging post for a huge number of activities. An easy place to stay over a week.