Castlemaine was named by chief goldfield commissioner, Captain W. Wright in honour of his Irish uncle, Viscount Castlemaine.
Castlemaine began as a gold rush boomtown in 1851; it has since become a major regional centre known for its industrial and cultural institutions including the oldest continuously operating theatre in mainland Australia, the Theatre Royal.
The first European settlers named it Forrest Creek and as the population grew it became known as Mount Alexander.
In September 1851, three shepherds and a bullock driver discovered gold in Specimen Gully, about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) to the north-east. And the rest is history.
Castlemaine is a really nice place that to enjoy and delight in the heritage a few days will be required.